Coyote Hunting Minnesota, Laws & Regulations

Website: Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
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Address: 500 Lafayette Road St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
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Coyote Hunting Minnesota Laws & Regulations

Are coyotes defined as furbearer, game animal, or other in Minnesota? Unprotected mammals include: Weasels, coyotes, gophers, porcupines, striped skunks, and all other mammals for which there are no closed seasons or other protection are unprotected animals.

Do you need a license to hunt coyotes in Minnesota? No. Residents and nonresidents are not required to have a license to hunt unprotected species including coyote. Nonresidents do not need a furbearer hunting license in addition to their small game license to hunt fox.

Can a non-resident hunt coyotes in Minnesota? A nonresident must have a nonresident Furbearer Hunting License and a non-resident Small Game License to take raccoon and bobcat. A nonresident Furbearer Hunting License is not required to take fox and coyote. However, a Small Game License is still required to take fox and other small game.

Is there a specific season for coyotes in Minnesota? No closed season.

Is there a bag limit for coyotes in Minnesota? No limit.

What are the legal hunting hours in Minnesota? ½ hr. before sunrise to sunset, except from January 1 to March 15 with certain restrictions as noted below.

Are electronic game calls legal in Minnesota? Yes, for Coyote, Fox, and Crow.

Are decoys legal in Minnesota? Yes.

What firearms are approved/disapproved for coyotes in Minnesota? Unprotected birds and mammals may be taken in any manner, except with the aid of artificial lights or by using a motor vehicle to drive, chase, run over, or kill the animal.

Are suppressors allowed for hunting in Minnesota? Bill HF 1434 – Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 2014, section 97B.031, subdivision 4, is amended to read: Subd. 4. Suppressors. Nothing in this section prohibits the lawful use of a suppressor or the possession of a firearm equipped to have a suppressor attached, as defined in section 609.66, subdivision 1a, paragraph (c), while hunting.

Legal ammunition or restrictions for hunting coyotes in Minnesota? No special restrictions.

Are there regulations for possessing, transporting dead coyotes, or pelts across state lines in Minnesota? Because coyotes are unprotected in Minnesota, there are no restrictions for coyotes. A person may not export or import a live coyote into the state unless authorized by the Commissioner.

Is night hunting allowed in Minnesota? A person hunting for coyote or fox from January 1 to March 15 may use an artificial handheld light if they meet ALL of the following conditions—you are:

  1. on foot and not within a public right-of-way,
  2. using a shotgun,
  3. using a calling device, and
  4. more than 200 feet from a vehicle.

A person may not cast artificial light onto a highway or into a field, woodland, or forest to locate or take a wild animal while possessing either individually or as one of a group, a firearm, bow or other implement that could be used to take big game, small game or unprotected species.

Shining is allowed for two hours after sunset without implements to take wild animals. From two hours after sunset until sunrise, no person may cast artificial light on a highway or into a field or forest to locate a wild animal.

A person may not cast artificial light on land that is marked with signs prohibiting the shining of lights.The signs must: 1) display letters that are at least 2 inches in height and state “no shining” or similar terms; and 2) be placed at intervals of 500 feet or less along the boundary of an area.

A person may not cast an artificial light onto fenced agricultural land or a residential property or building sites from a motor vehicle.


Without a firearm or a bow, a person who is on foot may use a handheld artificial light to retrieve wounded or dead big game animals.

A person taking raccoons or tending traps in accordance with all other regulations in this booklet. (See pages 41 and 49.)

A person hunting for coyote or fox from January 1 to March 15 may use an artificial handheld light under all of the following conditions:

  • While on foot and not within a public right of way
  • Using a shotgun
  • Using a calling device
  • Not within 200 feet of a vehicle

It is not a violation of this law to use laser range finders, shine lights without a firearm while doing any agricultural, safety, emergency response, normal vehicle operation or occupational-related activities or recreational activity, including snowmobiling, not related to spotting, locating or taking a wild animal.

Can I use night vision equipment when hunting in Minnesota? A person may not possess any kind of night vision or thermal imaging equipment while taking wild animals or while possessing a firearm, bow, or other implement that could be used to take wild animals.

This regulation does not apply to:

  • a firearm that is unloaded, cased, and in the closed trunk of a motor vehicle; or
  • a bow that is cased or unstrung, and in the closed trunk of a motor vehicle.
  • If the vehicle does not have a trunk, the firearm or bow must be placed in the rearmost location of the vehicle.

Are there specific weapons allowed for night in Minnesota? Shotgun only.

Can you hunt coyotes from a vehicle in Minnesota? No, Although firearms transportation laws relating to hunting have changed, hunters are reminded the safest way to transport firearms is unloaded and cased. Not only does a case provide an extra measure of protection for your firearm but it is reminder to ensure that firearms are unloaded before transporting in or on a motor vehicle.

Can baiting be used to hunt coyotes in Minnesota? Unknown, check with your local county laws.

Can dogs be used to hunt coyotes in Minnesota? A person may not take a wild animal on any land where the person is prohibited from lawfully entering by this law. This prohibition includes coyote hunters intentionally running their dogs on posted or agricultural land without permission of the landowner, occupant, or lessee.

Is there a coyote bounty program in Minnesota? Check with your local county.

NOTE: Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge (Big Stone and Lac qui Parle Counties) 44843 County Rd 19, Odessa, MN 56276, 320-273-2191. Small Game and deer hunting are open as posted with “Public Hunting Area” signs or shown on maps available at parking areas and at the Refuge Headquarters. The refuge is closed to migratory bird and coyote hunting.

This information is for informational purposes only. This website has no affiliation with any department of the above mentioned state. For your own safety please contact your local office to verify the information presented. is not responsible for your own stupidity.

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